Eishockey 1. liga
Die Tabelle der deutschen Eishockey Liga. Hier zur DEL 1. Adler Mannheim. 0. 0. 2. 1. 4. 2. ERC Ingolstadt. 2. 0. Chance Liga / Ticker auf kristenivarden.nu bietet Livescore, Resultate, Chance Liga / Ergebnisse und Spieldetails. Alle Begegnungen und Ergebnisse der deutschen Eishockey Liga auf einen Blick! 4: 1. 1: 0. 0: 1. 3: 0. -. Donnerstag, November - Uhr.
The Deutsche Eishockey Liga German pronunciation: It was formed as a replacement for the Eishockey-Bundesliga and became the new top-tier league in Germany as a result.
In the —17 season the league was the second-best supported in Europe, behind the Swiss National League A , with an average attendance of 6, spectators per game.
The Eishockey-Bundesliga was formed in as the elite hockey competition in the Federal Republic of Germany, replacing the Oberliga in this position.
It was in turn replaced by the Deutsche Eishockey Liga, which now also carries the name 1st Bundesliga in its logo.
The DEL was founded in the —95 season, consisting of teams from the Eishockey-Bundesliga's 1st and 2nd divisions. The condition of these earlier leagues had become intolerable.
Many 1st and 2nd division teams were heavily in debt. The 2nd division attracted few sponsors and spectators. As a result, many clubs were forced to fold or withdraw to the lower leagues.
Fans and corporate sponsors focused on the 1st Bundesliga teams, forcing the elite teams to invest heavily in players to avoid relegation. This increased budgets 25 percent over the previous two years.
In the final Bundesliga season, —94, only 11 teams wanted to play in the 2nd Bundesliga. Furthermore, two teams folded during and after the season.
Ice hockey's reputation in Germany was heavily tarnished. This made it difficult to attract serious sponsorship.
In January , 20 out of the remaining 21 1st and 2nd Bundesliga teams voted for creating a new entity, the DEL. Upon founding, the "DEL Betriebsgesellschaft mbH" was the first German professional sports league managed by an organization whose members were incorporated as well.
The goal behind the DEL was to create a league, based on the model of the North American NHL , in which teams could play consistently without relegation concerns and create a stable league.
Clubs in the DEL were required to conform to rules , which were designed to ensure long-term viability. Twelve clubs from the old 1st Bundesliga , and six from the 2nd Bundesliga came together as founding members.
The new league immediately attracted corporate sponsorship with the Krombacher Brewery , which was prominently featured on the new league logo.
The hope of avoiding the troubles of the old Bundesliga by stricter financial controls did not materialize. This was controversial, as DEL's president Franz Hofherr had approved their license and certified their finances.
Hofherr was Mad Dogs former president and it was alleged that he must have known about their desperate financial situation.
The Bosman ruling , a decision of the European Court of Justice regarding the movement of labor in soccer, had profound influence on the league.
The old Bundesliga had national character with German clubs competing for the German title using mostly German players. After the ruling European Union players were excluded from the "foreign" player quota.
This lowered costs significantly, enabling smaller teams to compete more effectively. However, frequent player moves were not viewed positively by the fans, resulting in smaller attendance numbers.
The —05 season was significant due to the NHL lockout. The DEL is an independently run league, fully owned and operated by its 14 member teams.
Each team must fulfill the DEL's basic requirements to remain in the league:. The DEL can only admit one 2nd Bundesliga team per season to the league, unless the league strength falls below fourteen, in which case two clubs can be admitted.
Since the —07 season, no DEL team can be automatically relegated, a team can only lose its league status through non-compliance with the leagues regulations see above.
This cooperation contract was signed in December , and was valid until Consequently, no club had to fear relegation while the Düsseldorfer EG, the best supported club in Germany with a spectator average of almost 10, per home game, took out the championship while EV Füssen came second.
It was to be the last-ever title for the club from Füssen and marked the end of the Bavarian dominance, with championships going to the state now becoming as rare as they had been commonplace.
The league modus experienced another change when, instead of ten clubs the league was expanded to eleven, courtesy to the promotion of both Berliner SC and EV Rosenheim.
The later was found to be uncompetitive in the league however, only accumulating twelve points in 40 season games and being relegated again.
It was also the last season of the Oberliga as the second division, the 2nd Bundesliga being introduced in After a year wait, the Berliner SC won another championship in —74 in a league which had returned to ten clubs and 36 season games.
The —75 seasons saw a continuation of the south-north shift of German ice hockey, with the financially strong northern clubs recruiting a large number of players from the southern ones.
Consequently, spectator numbers for the Bavarian clubs like Riessersee, Bad Tölz and Füssen went down, making it even more difficult to retain their young players.
In the north, another championship was won by the well-supported DEG, with Berlin coming second. At the bottom end, Kaufbeuren was replaced by Rosenheim for the next season.
The league modus unchanged in —76, the Berliner SC won its second post-war title in convincing fashion while, at the bottom, the last three clubs finished on equal points and the goals for-against had to decide who would finish on the tenth and last place and be relegated.
From onwards, the first golden era of the Kölner EC began with the club taking out titles in —77 and — The team from Cologne was generally the first to be seen as bought together rather than having grown.
The success of the club was brought about by the clubs chairman, Jochem Erlemann , an investment banker. Unknown to club and players, Erlemann invested other people's money into the club, without their approval and eventually would serve eight years in jail for it.
On the ice the league modus had been slightly altered again. After the 36 games of the regular round a championship- and relegation round was added.
The top six played for the championship while the bottom four played against relegation, in another home-and-away series within each group.
In the end, new club AEV was relegated from the league again, under unfortunate circumstances on the last day of the season, while a club joined the league that had never played at top level before, the EC Deilinghofen.
The SC Riessersee, often branded as a rough team, won its first championship since in the —78 season, one point ahead of Berliner SC after 46 games in an for once unchanged modus.
At the bottom of the league, Deilinghofen, who had only been promoted after 2nd Bundesliga champions ESV Kaufbeuren declined for financial reasons, was hopelessly outclassed and thirteen points behind the saving ninth place.
The —79 season saw the league expanded to twelve teams. Because of the insolvency of the Krefelder EV who dropped out of the league, the ESV Kaufbeuren was also admitted to the league while the financial collapse of the EV Rosenheim meant that the ice hockey department joined the SB Rosenheim instead, a lucky move that would soon pay off.
Apart from the financial troubles, Augsburger EV would also declare insolvency at the end of the season and drop down to the Oberliga , Mannheim and Rosenheim were also accused of fielding players without correct transfer papers.
Consequently, both clubs had points deducted but later reinstalled again. Mannheim, under coach Heinz Weisenbach , also started a trend that would soon become commonplace in the Bundesliga, to import Canadian players of German origins, the Deutschkanadier , who would be eligible to play for the West German ice hockey team and not take up any of the limited spots for foreigners per team.
On the ice, the expansion meant that the main round was reduced from four to two games per team, 22 each. The search for the perfect modus continued in —80, with an extra round introduced after the regular season.
The twelve clubs were split into three groups of four, with the best eight overall than entering the championship round while the worst four played against relegation.
The complicated modus was blamed for Riessersee not defending its title, which went, for the first time, to the Mannheimer ERC and its Canadian-German star players.
While Mannheim was, unjustly criticised for playing them other clubs already fielded foreigners with fake passports, which would blow out the following season.
At the bottom of the league, new club Duisburger SC had no trouble saving itself in seventh place while ERC Freiburg came a distant last. The highlight of the —81 season should have been the introduction of play-offs to the league, for which the best eight teams qualified, and SC Riessesee's last-ever championship.
However, the season was overshadowed by one of the biggest scandals in German ice hockey. The German consulate in Edmonton, Alberta , Canada, had sent a message to the DEB highlighting that a number of Canadian ice hockey players were living and playing in Germany with fake German passports.
The DEB banned the guilty players and, eventually, deducted large amount of points from the two teams.
At that stage the Kölner EC was already playing in the play-off quarter finals, which had to be repeated since the KEC was not qualified for them anymore after losing the points.
Apart from all this, the league also found itself in a row with the television broadcasters who refused to show games of teams with advertising on their shirts, with the clubs not backing down as they could not afford to lose the sponsorship money.
The —82 season saw a recovery of the league after the scandal of the previous year and the introduction of the sudden-death format in the play-offs.
SB Rosenheim turned out to be the surprise team of the season, finishing fifth after the regular season. The team managed to reach the final where they defeated the Mannheimer ERC and took home their first ever-championship.
Of the new teams, ERC Freiburg, like two years before, could not keep up and was relegated while local rivals Schwenninger ERC came close to qualifying for the play-offs.
The league shrunk in size in —83, now having only ten teams again. A double round of home-and-away games, 36 each, was followed by the play-offs contested by the top eight.
The EV Landshut was the surprise champions, the second title for the club after On both occasions, it was due to its coach, the Czech Karel Gut. Landshut's championship team was low-cost, with the lowest budged in years for a championship winning side, achieved through the fact that 20 of its players were local boys who had been born in Landshut.
Apart from them, only Erich Kühnhackl and the two Canadian Laycock brothers were not born in Landshut. Only one club was relegated that season, the EV Füssen, the second-last of the leagues founding members that played in it uninterruptedly since day one.
Füssen became insolvent at the end of the season, restarted in the 2nd Bundesliga but never returned to the top flight again. In the —84 season, the league once more made a slight modus change, introducing a round of two groups of four between the regular season and the play-offs and skipping the quarter finals instead.
The final was won by the Kölner EC, defeating champions Landshut in five games. In —85 the league returned to the old system of a regular season of 36 games followed by the play-off quarter finals.
The EHC Essen-West was admitted to the league to replace the ERC Freiburg, but had to little time to prepare and was heavily outclassed, finishing the season in last place, with only eight points.
The club was relegated and made room for the SV Bayreuth. From onwards, the second golden era of the Kölner EC began, winning three titles in a row.
In —86, the final was contested against the arch rival Düsseldorfer EG, who had just overcome a couple of lean seasons in regards to success and money.
In the relegation zone, Bayreuth was another uncompetitive newcomer that found itself promptly relegated and replaced by Eintracht Frankfurt's ice hockey department, which returned to the Bundesliga after a long absence.
After struggling against relegation for four consecutive seasons, the SC Riessersee, last of the original eight from to never have dropped out of the league, finally fell.
The club would not return to the Bundesliga again but at least made a brief top-level comeback in the DEL some years later.
The Kölner EC again took out the championship and again needed only three games in the finals to do so, this time against Mannheim.
The club was not competitive in the league but survived nevertheless because ECD Iserlohn folded midway. Iserlohn, formerly the EC Deilinghofen, was already under threat of folding before the season started but was allowed to participate anyway and made a desperate rescue attempt when chairman Heinz Weifenbach negotiated an advertising contract in which his club would advertise Muammar Gaddafi 's Green Book on its shirts.
After only one game, this was outlawed by the DEB and Iserlohn folded after the next. The Iserlohn affair also brought to the surface the tension between the clubs and the DEB , with some demanding an independent league, which would eventually materialise in The —89 season was somewhat a transition, between the dominance of the Kölner EC's three consecutive titles and the Düsseldorfer EG's consecutive four that were to follow.
In between, in that season, SB Rosenheim won its third and last national championship, after defeating the up-and-coming DEG in four matches in the finals.
The most successful era of the Düsseldorfer EG began with the —90 season, with the club winning the regular season and then overcoming champions SB Rosenheim in five games in the finals.
The two clubs that had to enter the relegation round with the best eight from the 2nd Bundesliga, EV Landshut and EHC Freiburg, both survived and consequently were able to play in the league for another season.
The greatest change the league experienced however was a political one, the German reunion. Two clubs from the former East Germany would join the league in the following season.
Both clubs struggled in the new competition and found themselves in eleventh and twelfth place in the expanded league.
A play-down format between the bottom four clubs was than used to determine the relegated teams, with the two East German sides competing against each other.
In the top eight, the DEG reached the final again, this time against Cologne, which it defeated in five games. Krefeld qualified for the play-offs which saw Düsseldorf defeat Rosenheim in three games.
With the third game, Rosenheim's Bundesliga era temporarily ended, the club withdrawing for financial reasons to the 2nd Bundesliga.
An East German presence in the league was maintained with Dynamo Berlin having made an instant return to the league, followed by EC Ratingen , in the Bundesliga for the first time.
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